Burgula Ramakrishna Rao – the First Chief Minister of Hyderabad State

Burgula Ramakrishna Rao

Burgula Ramakrishna Rao, the first chief minister of Hyderabad state. He was a freedom fighter and Social Reformer of Telangana State. He was born in the year 1899 in Padakallu Village of Mahbubnagar district. Being born in a Telugu Brahmin Family, he became famous by his name of the Burgula Village. His surname was changed to Burgula from “Pullamraju”.

Burgula Ramakrishna Education and Career:

Burgula Ramakrishna has completed his degree in law from Bombay University in 1913. He initiated his career as a lawyer and became quite famous in the legal field. He wanted to shift to politics after seeing the oppressive rule of Nizam and by watching havoc in the people lives. The inspiration to demand an independent Hyderabad state was from the Indian struggle for Independence. In 1942, he involved in the Quit India Movement and was imprisoned by Police of Nizam’s for his participation in 1947 freedom struggle.

Burgula Ramakrishna Rao
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When Hyderabad achieved independence from the rule of Nizam and was later unified with the Indian Union in the year 1948. Ramakrishna Rao held first rank officially as Minister of Education and Revenue in cabinet of Vellodi. Finally in 1952 Hyderabad State Elections, he was elected as first CM of Hyderabad State from Shadnagar constituency.

He had a successful period as a CM and remained in office for a time period of five years till Hyderabad was trifurcated and Telangana was merged with Andhra to form Andhra Pradesh State. His governance made several notable development changes. Some of these changes include historic land reformations, Hyderabad Tenancy and Agricultural Act of 1950 and Hyderabad Tenancy and Agricultural lands Act of 1954. Each of these acts created a landmark in the history of land reformations in the country.

Dr. Rao’s quick administrative skills and his understanding helped him in the framework for these acts. He perceived for the implantations that brought them into reality. This helped him getting the respect and love of thousands of landowners to whom the tenancy gift was a dream come true.

Burgula Ramakrishna Rao
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The Hyderabad Chief Minister held other several important positions of government in his career. From 1956 November to 1960 July, Dr. Rao occupied the position as Kerala Governor. He was followed as Uttar Pradesh Governor which was held till April 1962.

Ramakrishna Rao deep thoughts on social scenario which brought many political changes in the state indicate his intelligence and logical reasoning capacity. He revealed his thoughts on merge of Andhra Pradesh and Telangana in a letter to the president of Indian National Congress, U. N. Dhebar. In the letter he explained in detailed that the burger forcefully imposed on Telangana People to have adverse consequences in the subsequent years. It shows his foresight in the situation.

Dr. Burgula Ramakrishna Rao died on 14th September of 1967. His birth was celebrated with great appreciation by Andhra Pradesh Government. Dr. Rao’s Biography was released in the year 1999 in Hyderabad in Raj Bhavan by Mr. Atal Behari Vajpayee (Prime Minister of India).


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