Jammu and Kashmir State – The Diamond Studded Crown of Mother India

About Jammu and Kashmir

Jammu and Kashmir State is one among the 29 states of India which is located on North side and is bordered with the Punjab which is located on the south and Himachal Pradesh which is also located on the south. It is often referred to the acronym “J&K”. Jammu and Kashmir map illustrates summer capital of Jammu and Kashmir in Srinagar and winter capital in Jammu.

Image Source: upload.wikimedia.org

History of Jammu and Kashmir

History reveals that the Maharaja of J& K was adamant on making Kashmir an independent country. After the valiant efforts of then home minister Sardar Vallabh Bhai Patel, Jammu and Kashmir was finally accepted as Indian Territory on 26 October 1947.  Urdu is the official language spoken in all 22 districts of Jammu and Kashmir. Other languages spoken here are Hindi, Punjabi, Dongri, and Ladakhi.

Jammu and Kashmir Population

Population of Jammu and Kashmir is about 12,541,302 which is the 19th largest state in India and the Jammu and Kashmir map depicts that its vast landscape is ranked as 5th as per as area and third amongst all states in high life expectancy at birth.

Jammu and Kashmir State
Image Source: jk.gov.in

Jammu and Kashmir Language

The official and native language of Jammu and Kashmir is “Urdu” and the dditional languages are includes Dogri, Punjabi, Kashmir, Ladakh and Hindi.

Formation of Jammu and Kashmir State

Jammu and Kashmir is the Princely state (Indian State) of the British Empire of India and is ruled by the Jamwal Rajput Dogra Dynasty from 2846 to 1952. After Independence the state has became neutral to the countries of India and Pakistan as preferred by the ruler of the state  Maharaja Hari Singh.

Jammu and Kashmir State Symbols

State Animal Kashmir Stag
State Bird Black Necked Crane
State Flower Lotus
State Tree Chinar Tree

A quick round up of Jammu and Kashmir related facts

  • Jammu and Kashmir shares Line Of Control with neighbouring country Pakistan and Line Of Actual Control with China.
  • The state was bestowed with special rights under the controversial article 370 of the Constitution Of India.
  • Western districts of Jammu and Kashmir are occupied by Pakistan and called as Azad Kashmir. The eastern district of Jammu and Kashmir is in possession of China since 1962 war.
  • Jammu and Kashmir Bank is the major financial institution in the state.
  • It is the only state in the country with a Muslim majority population.
  • The economy of this state is heavily dependent on agriculture, horticulture, and sericulture. Tourists from all over the world bring foreign exchange for the country.

Jammu and Kashmir Districts

The state is divided into 3 regions, Jammu, Kashmir valley and Ladakh and following are the districts of Jammu and Kashmir according to the regions:

The Division of Jammu

  1. Doda District
  2. Jammu District
  3. Kathua District
  4. Kishtwar District
  5. Poonch District
  6. Rajouri District
  7. Ramban District
  8. Reasi District
  9. Samba District
  10. Udhampur District
Image Source: upload.wikimedia.org

The Division of Kashmir

  1. Anantnag District
  2. Bandipora District
  3. Baramulla district
  4. Budgam District
  5. Ganderbal District
  6. Kulgam District
  7. Kupwara District
  8. Pulwama District
  9. Shopian District
  10. Srinagar District
  11. Udhampur District

The Division of Ladakh

  1. Kargil District
  2. Leh District

Tourist attractions developed by Jammu and Kashmir Tourism and Culture

  1. Mata Vaishno Devi, Katra is one of the most sacred pilgrimages in India. Thousands of devotees come here every year.
  2. Pangong Lake in Ladakh made world famous by the climax scene of Bollywood blockbuster 3 idiots. Tso Moriri Lake is also worth special mention.
  3. Cable car ride in Gulmarg is exciting and adventurous.
  4. Dal Lake in Srinagar charms travellers with beautiful houseboats and floating markets.
  5. Amarnath Cave in Anantnag is the go-to trip for Lord Shiva devotees. Helicopter services have made this yatra more popular.
Image Source: www.globetrottertours.in

Government Departments of Jammu and Kashmir

RSKS – Rashtriya Sanskrit Sansthan Jammu

Jammu and Kashmir Rivers

The following are the few rivers of Jammu and Kashmir which are flowing though the state of Jammu and Kashmir

  • Jhelum River
  • Indus River
  • Chenab River
  • Tawi River
  • Ravi River
  • Shyok River
  • Suru River
  • Lidder River
  • Dras River
  • Tsarap River
  • Yapola River
  • Doda River
  • Sind River
  • Galwan River
  • Poonch River

Important details of Jammu and Kashmir State

  • Website: https://jk.gov.in
  • Governor: Shri N N Vohra
  • Chief Minister: Ms. Mehbooba Mufti
  • Secretariat Address (May to October): Room 111, Ist floor, Secretariat, Srinagar
  • Helpline Number (May to October): 0194 2506273
  • Secretariat Address (November to April): 4th Floor, Mini Block Secretariat, Jammu