The Ministry of Earth Sciences in India – पृथ्वी विज्ञान मंत्रालय
The Government of India created Ministry of Earth Sciences for the betterment of Ocean Sciences, Atmospheric Sciences and Seismology. The abbreviated form of the Ministry of Earth Sciences is MOES. Its year of establishment is 2006 in India. Get more information about the MOES from here.
Background history of the Ministry of Earth Sciences
The Government has merged several bodies to create the Ministry of Earth Sciences. They are:
1. The Indian Meteorological Department or IMD
Divisions / Wings
- Agricultural Meteorology Division
- Positional Astronomy Centre (PAC), Kolkata
Schemes and Programmes
- MAUSAM – Quarterly Journal of Meteorology, Hydrology, and Geophysics
- METNET: An e-Governance Intra-IMD Portal, New Delhi
- Weather forecasts and weather radar and satellite imagery by India Meteorological Department
2. The Indian Institute of Tropical Meteorology or IITM in Pune
3. The National Centre for Medium-Range Weather Forecasting or NCMRWF
4. The Ministry of Ocean Development
5. EREC or the Earth Risk Evaluation Centre
The headquarters of the Ministry of Earth Sciences is at Prithvi Bhavan, in New Delhi, the capital of India. The annual budget of the Ministry is Rs 1800 crore. The deciding head of MOES is the Minister of Earth Sciences. Dr. Harsh Vardhan is the current Minister of Earth Sciences of India.
MOES Online Portal
The Ministry of Earth Sciences has also opened an online portal which is www.moes.gov.in. All information regarding the functions, recent improvements and the latest achievements of the Ministry of Earth Sciences is available at the official website of MOES.
The National Knowledge Network or NKN connects all institutions that function under EESO with CUG (Common User Group).
Schemes and Programmes
- International Symposium on the Indian Ocean – 30 Nov. – 4 Dec. 2015 at Goa
- The system of Air Quality Forecasting and Research (SAFAR), Pune
The Earth System Science Organization
When scientists applied system sciences to the Earth Sciences, it gave birth to the Earth System Sciences. It deals with the interactions between the spheres of the earth which are the atmosphere, biosphere, hydrosphere, etc.
The Earth System Science Organization or ESSO is the Ministry of Earth Sciences’ executive arm. Its year of establishment is 2007. The Earth System Science Organization gives all basic instructions to the units/ centers and reviews their activities. It aims to improve methods to forecast climate, weather and natural disasters like earthquake, tsunami, etc. for economic, environmental and social benefits with the help of latest innovative technologies.
MOES Attached Offices
- Centre for Marine Living Resources and Ecology – CMLRE
- Integrated Coastal and Marine Area Management Project Directorate – ICMAM PD, Chennai
- Indian Institute of Tropical Meteorology – IITM
- Indian National Centre for Ocean Information Services – INCOIS
- National Centre for Antarctic and Ocean Research – NCAOR
- NCESS – National Centre for Earth Science Studies
- National Institute of Ocean Technology
- Ocean Science and Technology Cell – OSTC
Here are the names of some of the institutions that function under the Earth System Science Organization or ESSO:
- National Centre for Coastal Research or NCCR
- Indian National Centre for Ocean Information Services or INCOIS
- India Meteorological Department or IMD
- National Centre for Seismology
- Indian Tsunami Early Warning Centre or ITEWC
- National Centre for Earth System Sciences or NCESS
- NIOT or National Institute of Ocean Technology
MOES Website: http://www.moes.gov.in
Phone Number: +91-11-24669578
The government of India,
Prithvi Bhavan, Opposite to India Habitat Centre,
New Delhi – 110003