National Symbols India
The Republic of India has many official symbols which include historical document, a national flag, an anthem, an emblem, memorial tower, and many national heroes of India. The National Flag design adapted by Constituent Assemblyman before of the Independence Day, on July 22nd, 1947. Here, you can find the several National Symbols India.
Indian Symbols represents the identity element as well as the unique characteristic of India. Get the detailed information on National symbols of Incredible India.
1. National Flag of India – Tiranga
The Tiranga flag also known as Tricolour Flag. It is the National Flag of India, having 3 colors like saffron color at the top of the flag which denotes sacrifice & patriotism, the middle of the flag is white color signifies the truth with Ashoka Chakra in the middle of the Flag with a blue wheel, at bottom green color which signifies the life & prosperity.
2. National Anthem of India – Jana Gana Mana
जनगणमन अधिनायक जय हे, भारतभाग्यविधाता
पंजाब सिंध गुजरात मराठा, द्राविड़ उत्कल बंग
विंध्य हिमाचल यमुना गंगा, उच्छल जलधि तरंग
तव शुभ नामे जागे, तव शुभ आशिष मागे
गाहे तव जयगाथा
जनगणमंगलदायक जय हे, भारतभाग्यविधाता
जय हे, जय हे, जय हे, जय जय जय जय हे
The National Anthem of India, Jana Gana Mana composed by Shri. Rabindranath Tagore from West Bengal. National Anthem takes 52 seconds and is composed in the Bengali language called as Sadhu Bhasa of India.
3. National Song of India – Vande Mataram
सुखदाम् वरदाम् मातरम्
National Song of India, Vande Mataram composed by Shri. Bankim Chandra Chatterjee from West Bengal. The song has translated into the many Indian languages.
4. National Currency of India – Indian Rupee
The official currency of India is Indian Rupee, it controlled under Reserve Bank of India. A new symbol of Indian Rupee adopted in the year 2010 and began in circulation on July 8, 2011.
5. National Emblem of India
The Emblem of India adopted from the 4 Asiatic Lions. The Emblem symbolizing courage, power, confidence, and bottom is a horse & bull with attractive Dharma Chakra Wheel in the middle of the bottom.
6. National Pledge of India
भारत मेरा देश है
सब भारतवासी मेरे भाई-बहन हैं
मैं अपने देश से प्रेम करता हैं
इसकी समृद्ध एवं विविध संस्कृति पर मुझे गर्व है
मैं सदा इसका सुयोग्य अधिकारी बनने का प्रयत्न करता रहूँगा
मैं अपने माता-पिता, शिक्षको एवं गुरुजनो का सम्मान करूँगा और प्रत्येक के साथ विनीत रहूँगा
मैं अपने देश और देशवाशियों के प्रति सत्यनिष्ठा की प्रतिज्ञा करता हूँ
इनके कल्याण एवं समृद्धि में ही मेरा सुख निहित है
The Indian Pledge is an oath of the allegiance speech in schools during the Republic Day & Independence day Patriotic Songs in Hindi celebrations. The National Flag of India composed by Shri. Pydimarri Venkata Subba Rao from Telangana. It is also one of the National Symbols India.
7. National Calendar of India – Saka Calendar
The Indian National Calendar also knows as Saka Calendar is the official calendar used in our country along with Vikram Samvat. Saka Calendar follows signs of the Tropical Zodiac.
8. National River of India – Ganges of Ganga River
Ganga river is the Indian River and also the popular sacred river to religions of Hindu. It is the longest river in India and is also homes to the dangerous dolphins.
9. National Flower of India – Indian Lotus
The Indian flower name is Lotus, it is the attractive species of aquatic plant. You can see it in the water gardens. The Lotus plant occupies a distinctive position in the art & mythology of India.
10. National Fruit of India – Mango Fruit
Mango is the Indian fruit which is cultivated mostly for the edible fruit. Our country is home to the 100+ variety of mango fruits. You can see the mango trees in nature and also wild forests. Mostly, the mango fruits ripen in the summer season.
11. National Tree of India – Indian Banyan
The Indian Tree name is Indian Banyan and it is native to the Subcontinent of India. The Banyan trees are one of the largest trees in the world. In Andhra Pradesh, you can see the Thimmamma Marrimanu tree. It is the largest specimen tree from all over the world.
12. National Bird of India – Indian Peacock
Indian Peafowl or Indian Peacock is the Indian National bird. It has long feathers & it dance before of the rain. Mostly, the peacock found in the drier low-land areas & is a resident of Subcontinent of India.
13. National Aquatic Animal of India – Ganga River Dolphin
The Ganga River Dolphin has declared as the Indian Aquatic Animal by Government of India. It also elected as the city of the Animal of Guwahati city. The Dolphin found in the Ganges river, Chambal river, Yamuna, and Brahmaputra river and its tributaries.
14. National Reptile of India – King Cobra
The Indian Reptile id King Cobra. King Cobra is the longest venomous reptile snake in the world. The Maximum length of the snake is 18.8 feet.
15. National Heritage Animal of India – Indian Elephant
The Indian Elephant has declared as the Heritage Animal of India. It is the native to the mainland of Asia. The Elephant has endangered & threatened by fragmentation, degradation, and habitat loss. It listed in the National Symbols India by Government.
In the below, you can find the list of announcements and records from the Indian Government. GOI make below list as the National Symbols India.
- National Language of India: Hindi
- National Book of India: Hockey
- Indian Aquatic Reptile: Gharial
- National Land Bird of India: Indian Bustard
- National Game of India – Hockey
- Indian Heritage Bird: Indian Eagle or Brahminy Kite
- National Mountain of India: Nanda Devi
- National Amphibian of India: Purple Frog
- Indian Heritage Mammal: Gray Langur
- National Book of India: Gita
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