Satish Dhawan Space Centre SHAR (SDSC-SHAR) – सतीश धवन अंतरिक्ष केंद्र (एसडीएससी, शार)
Satish Dhawan Space Centre is a center that specializes in launching rockets from India. The abbreviated form of Satish Dhawan Space Centre is SDSC which is located in Andhra Pradesh, and it was earlier famous as Sriharikota Range (श्रीहरिकोटा), abbreviated as SHAR. The Indian Space Research Organization or ISRO administers the activities of SDSC. The current director of the Satish Dhawan Space Centre is P. Kunhikrishnan. The SDSC SHAR works under the Department of Space.
You have to visit www.shar.gov.in/sdscshar if you want to know in detail about the events of Satish Dhawan Space Centre.
History of Satish Dhawan Space Centre
The Union Government of India (भारत सरकार) chose Sriharikota (श्रीहरिकोटा) Island as a satellite launching station in the year 1969. The center has become operational in the year 1971 with the launch of the sounding rocket RH-125. The pioneering launch from this center of an orbital satellite was Rohini 1A, and it took place in 1979, on 19th August. However, the orbit of the satellite decayed because of a problem in thrust vectoring.
The Indian Government decided to rename Sriharikota Range (SHAR) as ‘Satish Dhawan Space Centre’ in the year 2002, on 5th September to honor the memory of Satish Dhawan, who has served ISRO as its Chairman.
DoS Schemes, Programmes, and Missions
- Indian Space Research Organization
- Bhuvan – Gateway of Indian Earth Observation
- LPSC – Liquid Propulsion Systems Centre, ISRO, Thiruvananthapuram, Kerala
- MOSDAC – Meteorological and Oceanographic Satellite Data Archival Centre, ISRO
- NRSC – National Remote Sensing Centre, Hyderabad, Telangana
- SAC – Space Applications Centre
- VSSC – Vikram Sarabhai Space Centre, Thiruvananthapuram, Tamil Nadu
- VEDAS – Visualization of Earth Observation Data and Archival System, Space Applications Centre
- U R Rao Satellite Centre (URSC)- ISRO Satellite Centre(ISAC), Bengaluru, Karnataka
Launchpads of SDSC
At present, the SHAR facility comprises two different launch pads. After ISRO completes building a third launch pad, it will become the most important base for the famous ‘Indian human spaceflight program.
SLV Launch Pad
The Augmented Satellite Launch Vehicle and the Satellite Launch Vehicle used the SLV LaunchPad in Satish Dhawan Space Centre.
First Launch Pad or FLP
The Indian Space Research Organization built the modernized First Launch Pad in the first half of the 1990s for launching the Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle. The Geosynchronous Satellite Launch Vehicle has also used it. At present, the First Launch Pad is a subject to expansion. Once the expansion finishes, it can cater to nearly 15 launches per year.
Second Launch Pad or SLP
Second Launch Pad has become operational from the year 2005 in Satish Dhawan Space Centre. Its difference from the First Launch Pad lies in the fact that it functions on the system of Integrate Transfer and Launch. SLP is a global launch pad that can accommodate ISRO’s GSLV, GSLV Mk, and PSLV launch vehicles.
Third Launch Pad or TLP
The center is planning for a Third Launch Pad at the expense of Rs 6 million, and the latest launch pad would have the potential of providing support to even crewed missions in Satish Dhawan Space Centre.
SDSC Website: http://www.shar.gov.in/sdscshar
Phone Number: 08623225033
Fax Number: 08623225056
SPSR Nellore District,
AP State – 524124