Steps to vote in India: Your Power, Your Vote

Voting is not only a right but also a responsibility that empowers citizens to shape the future of their country. In India, the world’s largest democracy, the electoral process is a cornerstone of civic engagement. This article aims to provide a comprehensive guide to voting in India to ensure that every eligible citizen can effectively exercise their democratic right.

Steps to vote in India

1. Criteria for eligibility to vote

Before you embark on the voting process, it is essential to determine whether you are eligible to vote. In India, individuals must be:

– Citizens of India
– Be at least 18 years of age on the closing date
– Reside in the constituency where you wish to register as a voter

2. Register as a voter

If you meet the eligibility criteria, you must register as a voter. The Election Commission of India has made this process relatively simple. You can register online through the National Voters’ Service Portal (NVSP) or visit the nearest Election Commission office.

Go to online registration

  • Visit the NVSP website (
  • Click on “Online application to register a new voter/move from an AC”
  • Fill in the required information, including your personal details and address.
  • Upload a passport photo and other documents.
  • Submit the application.

Alternatively, you can visit your local Electoral Commission office to complete the required forms and submit the required documents.

3. Check voter registration status

After submitting your application, be sure to check the status of your voter registration. This done online via the NVSP website. Simply enter your reference ID and you can track the progress of your application.

4. Voter Register

Once your application has been successful, your name will be added to the electoral roll, also known as the voters’ list. The electoral committee updates this list at regular intervals. Be sure to check the electoral roll to confirm your details and your polling station.

5. Voter ID card

Once you have successfully registered, you’ll be issued with a voter ID card. This card serves as an official identification document and is required for voting. Make sure that all the details on your voter ID card is correct.

6. Know your voting district

India is divided into parliamentary and assembly constituencies. It’s important to know your constituency as elections (Lok Sabha and Vidhan Sabha) are held separately. Find out which constituency you belong to and who your representatives are.

7. Polling stations

On the day of election, you have to cast your vote at the designated polling station. The polling station is noted on your voter ID card or you can check it online on the electoral committee’s website.

vote is my right-vote is my duty
vote is my right-vote is my duty

8. Timetable for the election

Elections in India are conducted in phases. The Election Commission announces the schedule well in advance. Find out about the election dates in your constituency so that you don’t miss the opportunity to cast your vote.

9. Voting procedure-steps to vote in India

On election day, go to your chosen polling station with your voter ID card. Follow these steps:

  1. Stand in the queue: Wait your turn in the queue.
  2. Verification: Present your voter ID card to poll workers for verification.
  3. Ink marking: After verification, your finger marked with indelible ink.
  4. Electronic Voting Machine (EVM): Enter the voting booth and cast your vote using the EVM.
  5. Verify the VVPAT: After casting your voting, verify your vote on the Voter Verifiable Paper Audit Trail (VVPAT) device.
  6. Have your finger marked: Once you cast your vote, your finger marked with indelible ink.
Electronic Voting Machines (EVMs) in india for voting
Electronic Voting Machines (EVMs) in India for voting

How to register & check your name on electoral list for Elections?

10. Voting by mail

If you are unable to vote in person on election day for reasons such as duty, illness or physical disability, you have the option of postal voting. To do this, you must apply for an absentee ballot, which sent to your registered address. Make sure that you follow the instructions carefully and return the ballot paper before the specified deadline.


Voting is not only a right but also a responsibility that determines the destiny of a nation. In India, the democratic process is a powerful tool that gives citizens the opportunity to actively participate in governance. By following the steps outlined in this guide, your voice heard and your vote counts. Let us embrace our role as responsible citizens and contribute to a vibrant democracy in India.

CEO India


The CEO Andhra Pradesh

CEO Arunachal Pradesh

CEO Bihar

The CEO West Bengal



error: Content is protected !!